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Chemosphere. 2003 Sep;52(9):1515-21.

Biodegradability of Atrazine, Cyanazine and Dicamba under methanogenic condition in three soils of China.

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Key Laboratory of Terrestrial Ecological Process, Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning 10015, PR China.


Persistence and degradation of the herbicides Atrazine, Cyanazine and Dicamba were measured in laboratory microcosms incubated under methanogenic condition using three soils of China. Results showed that Atrazine was more resistant to degradation than Cyanazine and Dicamba for the 300 days of incubation. Between 30% and 40% of the initially introduced chemicals were found to be not recoverable through solvent extraction of the incubated soils. Our results also indicated that the half-life of these herbicides in the three soils generally followed: Atrazine>Cyanazine>Dicamba. Biodegradation of Cyanazine and Dicamba was further substantiated by establishing enrichment cultures in which the degradation of the respective herbicides could be accelerated by the microorganisms. Our results suggest that biodegradation of xenobiotics can be established through enrichment culture transfer technique and non-extractability of chemicals should be taken into account in evaluation of chemicals' fate and risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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