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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2003 Jun;26(2):197-202.

Phylogenetic affiliation of Aeromonas culicicola MTCC 3249(T) based on gyrB gene sequence and PCR-amplicon sequence analysis of cytolytic enterotoxin gene.

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Molecular Biology Unit, National Centre for Cell Science, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune, Maharashtra, India.


We determined the gyrB gene sequences of all 17 hybridizations groups of Aeromonas. Phylogenetic trees showing the evolutionary relatedness of gyrB and 16S rRNA genes in the type strains of Aeromonas were compared. Using this approach, we determined the phylogenetic position of Aeromonas culicicola MTCC 3249(T), isolated from midgut of Culex quinquefasciatus. In the gyrB based-analysis A. culicicola MTCC 3249(T) grouped with A. veronii whereas, it grouped with A. jandaei in the 16S rRNA based tree. The number of nucleotide differences in 16S rRNA sequences was less than found with the gyrB sequence data. Most of the observed nucleotide differences in the gyrB gene were synonymous. The Cophenetic Correlation Coefficient (CCC) for gyrB sequences was 0.87 indicating this gene to be a better molecular chronometer compared to 16S rRNA for delineation of Aeromonas species. This strain was found to be positive for the cytolytic enterotoxin gene. PCR-Amplicon Sequence Analysis (PCR-ASA) of this gene showed that the isolate is affiliated to type I and is potentially pathogenic. These PCR-ASA results agreed in part with the gyrB sequence results.

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