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Chemotherapy. 1992;38(5):286-90.

Simple method for measuring the antibiotic concentration required to kill adherent bacteria.

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Department of Microbiology, Hiroshima University School of Dentistry, Japan.


A simple method was developed for measuring the antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria adherent to plastic surfaces. Staphylococcus aureus cells adhered to the bottom of a 96-well plastic tissue culture plate were incubated in serially diluted antibiotic solutions. After a 24-hour-incubation the solutions were removed, and fresh medium without antibiotics was added to each well. The viability of the cells was judged by their growth after a further 24-hour-incubation. The antibiotic concentration required to kill adherent bacteria was far higher than that required for planktonic cells, although we used bactericidal drugs; beta-lactam, quinolone, and aminoglycoside antibiotics. The tolerance demonstrated by adherent cells is likely to play a role in the difficulties encountered in the chemotherapy of biofilm infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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