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Dev Psychol. 2003 Jul;39(4):777-790. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.39.4.777.

Academic growth curve trajectories from 1st grade to 12th grade: effects of multiple social risk factors and preschool child factors.

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Center for Human Growth and Development.
School of Clinical Nursing.


This study examined the main and interactive effects of multiple social risk factors and the preschool child factors of IQ and mental health on students' academic trajectories from 1st grade to 12th grade. A multiple risk score summarizing 10 environmental risk factors was calculated at 4 years of age for 145 families. Hierarchical linear modeling showed that high-risk students had lower grades and more absences from 1st grade to 12th grade than did low-risk students. Significant interactions between risk and child factors for students' grade point average (GPA) revealed that child factors had significant effects only for low-risk students. Higher IQ and better mental health improved the GPA trajectories of low-risk children but did not influence the GPA trajectories of high-risk children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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