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Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Jun 27;90(25 Pt 1):255502. Epub 2003 Jun 24.

Brillouin study of the quantization of acoustic modes in nanospheres.

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Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117542, Republic of Singapore.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Oct 3;91(14):149901.


The vibrational modes in three-dimensional ordered arrays of unembedded SiO2 nanospheres have been studied by Brillouin light scattering. Multiple distinct Brillouin peaks are observed whose frequencies are found to be inversely proportional to the diameter (approximately 200-340 nm) of the nanospheres, in agreement with Lamb's theory. This is the first Brillouin observation of acoustic mode quantization in a nanoparticle arising from spatial confinement. The distinct spectral peaks measured afford an unambiguous assignment of seven surface and inner acoustic modes. Interestingly, the relative intensities and polarization dependence of the Brillouin spectrum do not agree with the predictions made for Raman scattering.

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