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Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Jun 27;90(25 Pt 1):253901. Epub 2003 Jun 23.

Strongly localized mode at the intersection of the phase slips in a photonic crystal without band gap.

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  • 1Department of Physics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.

Abstract

A two-dimensional photonic crystal with a rectangular symmetry and low contrast (<1) of the dielectric constant is considered. We demonstrate that, despite the absence of a band gap, strong localization of a photon can be achieved for certain "magic" geometries of a unit cell by introducing two pi/2 phase slips along the major axes. The long-living photon mode is bound to the intersection of the phase slips. We calculate analytically the lifetime of this mode for the simplest geometry-a square lattice of cylinders of a radius, r. We find the magic radius r(c) of a cylinder to be 43.10% of the lattice constant. For this value of r, the quality factor of the bound mode exceeds 10(6). A small ( approximately 1%) deviation of r from r(c) results in a drastic damping of the bound mode.

PMID:
12857131
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.253901
[PubMed]
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