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Clin Cancer Res. 2003 Jul;9(7):2734-43.

Effect of isocaloric low-fat diet on human LAPC-4 prostate cancer xenografts in severe combined immunodeficient mice and the insulin-like growth factor axis.

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1
Departments of Physiological Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1738, USA.

Abstract

Over-consumption of dietary fat has been suggested to promote the development and progression of prostate cancer in men. The present study was conducted to answer the following questions: (a) Can dietary fat reduction decrease tumor growth rates of Los Angeles prostate cancer (LAPC)-4 xenografts in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice independent of total caloric intake? and (b) Is the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis involved in the effects of dietary fat on LAPC-4 tumor growth in SCID mice? Twenty-eight male CB17 beige SCID mice (8 weeks old) were individually caged, randomized, and fed an isocaloric high-fat (HF, 42% kcal) or low-fat (LF, 12% kcal) diet. Each mouse was s.c. injected with 1 x 10(5) LAPC-4 cells, and tumor volumes were measured weekly. At week 16, all animals were sacrificed, and serum and tumors were obtained for analysis. Although caloric intakes and mouse weights were equal between groups, the LF mice had significantly slower tumor growth rates and lower serum prostate-specific antigen levels compared with the HF mice. LF mice had significantly lower levels of serum insulin, tumor IGF-1 mRNA expression, and tumor IGFBP-2 immunostaining and higher levels of serum IGFBP-1 (by Western ligand blot) relative to the HF mice. There were no differences in the serum levels of IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-4 between the groups. LAPC-4 cells cultured in vitro with media containing serum from LF mice demonstrated slower growth than LAPC-4 cells cultured in media containing HF mice serum. These results demonstrate that intake of an LF diet was associated with slower LAPC-4 prostate tumor growth relative to mice fed an HF diet, independent of total caloric intake, and this effect may be mediated through modulation of the insulin/IGF axis.

PMID:
12855654
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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