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Anticancer Drugs. 2003 Jul;14(6):405-10.

In vitro pharmacokinetic study of the novel anticancer agent E7070: red blood cell and plasma protein binding in human blood.

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1
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Slotervaart Hospital/The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. apdvb@slz.nl

Abstract

E7070 is a novel sulfonamide anticancer agent that arrests the G(1)/S phase of the cell cycle. Preclinical and phase I studies have demonstrated non-linear pharmacokinetics (PK) of the drug. A population PK analysis revealed that the human plasma concentration-time data were best described by a three-compartment model with non-linear distribution. We have studied the in vitro interaction of 14C-radiolabeled E7070 with red blood cells (RBC) and its binding to plasma proteins in the concentration range where non-linearity in disposition was observed in humans to get more insight into the behavior of the drug. After the addition of E7070 to whole blood at 37 degrees C, the drug is taken up or binds to RBC in a concentration-dependent manner. The addition of sodium azide, however, did not result in a decrease of drug uptake by RBC, indicating passive diffusion processes. A non-linear increase in drug uptake was observed at incubation concentrations above 4 microg/ml E7070 in whole blood. This non-linearity was confirmed by lower partition coefficients between RBC and plasma at higher incubation concentrations (from 2.37 at 4 microg/ml to 0.31 at 200 microg/ml). The plasma protein binding of E7070 was high (98-99%) and linear in the concentration range studied (20-200 microg/ml). In conclusion, E7070 in whole blood is preferentially bound to RBC and exhibits high plasma protein binding. The non-linear distribution of E7070 in humans can be caused, in part at least, by saturable binding of E7070 to RBC.

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