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J Urol. 2003 Aug;170(2 Pt 1):649-53.

A quantitative analysis of mRNA expression of alpha 1 and beta-adrenoceptor subtypes and their functional roles in human normal and obstructed bladders.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan.



We compared the expression level of alpha 1-adrenoceptor (AR) subtype mRNA to that of beta-AR subtype mRNA in control and obstructed human bladders, and examined whether alpha 1-AR mediated contraction and beta-AR mediated relaxation of human detrusor muscle are altered by bladder outlet obstruction.


A real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction based method was used to quantify alpha1 and beta-AR subtype mRNA expression. The contractile response to alpha-AR agonists and the relaxant effect of beta-AR agonists were examined using an isometric contraction technique.


The mRNA of alpha 1a, alpha 1b, alpha 1d, beta 1 and beta 2-AR mRNAs was expressed at low levels, while beta 3-AR was the most highly expressed subtype at the mRNA level in control and obstructed bladders. The expression level of alpha 1 and beta-AR subtype mRNA was not significantly different between the 2 groups. The mean contractile response to 10(-4) M phenylephrine +/- SEM was only 4.4% +/- 1.4% and 5.2% +/- 1.4% of the 10(-7) M carbachol induced contraction in the control and obstructed groups, respectively. Contractile responses to phenylephrine were not significantly increased in obstructed bladder. Isoproterenol and the beta 3-AR selective agonist L755,507 relaxed human detrusor muscle in a concentration dependent manner (10(-9) to 10(-4) M). However, the beta 1/beta 2-AR agonist dobutamine and the beta 2-AR selective agonist clenbuterol did not produce relaxation at a concentration of 10(-9) to 10(-5) M in the 2 groups.


These findings indicate that neither up-regulation of alpha1-ARs nor down-regulation of beta-ARs occurs and relaxation mediating beta 3-ARs are by far predominant in the human obstructed bladder. Therefore, it is not likely that bladder alpha1-ARs are responsible for detrusor overactivity and storage symptoms in patients with benign prostatic obstruction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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