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Biomaterials. 2003 Oct;24(23):4143-52.

Antifouling blood purification membrane composed of cellulose acetate and phospholipid polymer.

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Department of Materials Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan.


The ideal surface of an artificial blood purification membrane needs hemocompatibility and durability of high performance; it should not adsorb any proteins or cells but should still have high permeability in the desired range of solute size. To improve the anti-fouling property of cellulose acetate (CA) membranes, a CA membrane blended with poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate (BMA)) (PMB30) was designed as a blood purification membrane. The polymer solutions for preparing the membrane were prepared using a solvent mixture composed of N, N-dimethylformamide, acetone, 2-propanol or water. The CA and CA/PMB30 blend membranes with an asymmetric and porous structure were prepared by a phase inversion process. The characteristics of the CA/PMB30 blend membrane, such as structural properties, mechanical properties, and solute permeability were examined with attention to changes in the preparation conditions of the membrane. The CA/PMB30 blend membrane had good water and solute permeability and a sharp molecular weight cut-off property. Moreover, the amount of proteins adsorbed on the CA/PMB30 blend membrane surface was less than that of the original CA membrane and a conventional polysulfone membrane. Adhesion and activation of platelets on the CA/PMB30 blend membrane were reduced compared with that on a CA membrane. In addition, the CA/PMB30 blend membrane showed good permselectivity and an antifouling property during a long time ultrafiltration experiment with protein solutions.

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