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Free Radic Biol Med. 2003 Jul 15;35(2):133-9.

The antioxidant status during maturation of reticulocytes to erythrocytes in type 2 diabetics.

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Department of Biochemistry, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, India.


Free radical-induced lipid peroxidation has been associated with numerous disease processes including diabetes mellitus. The extent of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and antioxidant defense system [i.e., levels of glutathione (GSH), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and catalase (CAT)] were evaluated in reticulocytes and erythrocytes of type 2 diabetic males and age-matched controls. Type 2 diabetics have shown increased lipid peroxidation and decreased levels of GSH, GR, GPx, G6PDH, and GST both in reticulocytes and erythrocytes compared to controls, indicating the presence of oxidative stress and defective antioxidant systems in these patients. CAT activity is found to be enhanced in both the reticulocytes and erythrocytes of diabetics, with a greater percentage enhancement in reticulocytes. The extent of increase in lipid peroxidation is greater in erythrocytes compared to reticulocytes in these patients. Furthermore, the maturation of reticulocytes to erythrocytes resulted in decreased GSH and decreased activities of all antioxidant enzymes (except CAT) both in normals and type 2 diabetes individuals, indicating decreased scavenging capacity as reticulocytes mature to erythrocytes. These maturational alterations are further intensified in type 2 diabetics. The present study reveals that the alterations in lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system lean toward early senescence of erythrocytes in type 2 diabetic patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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