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Gastroenterology. 2003 Jul;125(1):107-16.

Hepatitis B virus genotypes and virologic response in 694 patients in phase III studies of adefovir dipivoxil1.

Author information

1
Gilead Sciences, Foster City, California 94404, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype may influence disease progression and antiviral response. We therefore analyzed the frequency and distribution of genotypes in patients from 2 multinational phase III studies of adefovir dipivoxil. Antiviral efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil 10-mg therapy was examined with respect to HBV genotype, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) serostatus, and race.

METHODS:

HBV genotypes were assigned by phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences amplified from baseline serum samples (n = 694).

RESULTS:

Patients from Asia/Oceania were infected predominantly with genotypes B and C, whereas patients from Western European countries were infected predominantly with genotypes A and D. In Mediterranean countries, genotype D was dominant. The most common genotype in North America was C, followed by A, B, and D. Regardless of location, Asian patients were infected predominantly with genotypes B or C, whereas Caucasian patients were infected predominantly with A or D. There were significant differences in the baseline serum HBV-DNA levels of patients infected with different HBV genotypes regardless of HBeAg serostatus. Forty-eight weeks of adefovir dipivoxil 10-mg therapy resulted in potent reductions in serum HBV DNA with no significant differences based on genotype, HBeAg status, or race; similarly, there was no statistical difference in HBeAg seroconversion rates between genotypes in these patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

HBV genotypes were distributed asymmetrically with respect to race, geography, and HBeAg status. Forty-eight weeks of adefovir dipivoxil therapy resulted in significant decreases in serum HBV-DNA levels in patients regardless of HBV genotype, HBeAg status, or race.

PMID:
12851876
DOI:
10.1016/s0016-5085(03)00700-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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