Send to

Choose Destination
Life Sci. 2003 Aug 1;73(11):1427-36.

Expression of VEGF and MMP-9 in giant cell tumor of bone and other osteolytic lesions.

Author information

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T. Hongkong, China.


This study aims to investigate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) and other osteolytic lesions in bone. By using semi-quantitative RT-PCR, we showed that three major isoforms of VEGF (121, 165 and 189) were expressed in GCTs, with isoform 121 being the most abundant. The expression levels of VEGF and MMP-9 mRNA were significantly higher in advanced GCTs (stage II/III) than in stage I GCTs. We further elucidated the cellular localization of VEGF and MMP-9 gene transcripts in GCT and other osteolytic lesions using an in situ hybridization assay. The results showed that stromal tumor cells and osteoclast-like giant cells of GCT, fibrous stromal cells in anuerysmal bone cysts and fibrous dysplasia, and Langerhans-type giant cells as well as histocytes in eosinophillic granuloma, were all strongly positive for VEGF and MMP-9 mRNA expression. In a prospective study, we performed VEGF and MMP-9 immuno-staining on paraffin sections of pathological tissues harvested from 48 patients (14 GCT, 10 anuerysmal bone cysts, 10 eosinophillic granuloma, 4 fibrous dysplasia, 2 simple bone cyst, 2 osteomyelitis and 6 patients with fractured femoral head as control). The results showed that the differences in VEGF and MMP-9 expression between Stage I and other advanced Stages (II, III and recurrent) were highly significant (p<0.001), with advanced stages showing a higher mean expression. The difference between recurrent and Stage II and III lesions, was also statistically significant (p=0.03 for VEGF, and p=0.01 for MMP-9 expression), with recurrent lesions showing a higher mean expression of both VEGF and MMP-9. In conclusion, VEGF and MMP-9 expression in osteolytic lesions of bone co-relates well with the extent of bone destruction and local recurrence. Their expression may therefore provide some prognostic indication of the possible aggressive behavior of the underlying pathology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center