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Life Sci. 2003 Jul 25;73(10):1299-313.

Green tea extract inhibits angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells through reduction of expression of VEGF receptors.

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  • 1Department of Food and Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Human Life Science, Osaka City University, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan.


Epidemiological and animal studies have indicated that consumption of green tea is associated with a reduced risk of developing certain forms of cancer. However, the inhibitory mechanism of green tea in angiogenesis, an important process in tumor growth, has not been well established. In the present study, green tea extract (GTE) was tested for its ability to inhibit cell viability, cell proliferation, cell cycle dynamics, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and expression of VEGF receptors fms-like tyrosine kinase (Flt-1) and fetal liver kinase-1/Kinase insert domain containing receptor (Flk-1/KDR) in vitro using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). GTE in culture media did not affect cell viability but significantly reduced cell proliferation dose-dependently and caused a dose-dependent accumulation of cells in the G1 phase. The decrease of the expression of Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1 in HUVEC by GTE was detected with immunohistochemical and Western blotting methods. These results suggest that GTE may have preventive effects on tumor angiogenesis and metastasis through reduction of expression of VEGF receptors.

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