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Fertil Steril. 2003 Jul;80(1):111-5.

Predictive usefulness of cycle day 10 follicle-stimulating hormone level in a clomiphene citrate challenge test for in vitro fertilization outcome in women younger than 40 years of age.

Author information

1
Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. eyanushpolsky@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the usefulness of the day 10 FSH level of a clomiphene citrate challenge test in predicting IVF outcome in women younger than 40 years of age.

DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review.

SETTING:

Academic fertility center.

PATIENT(S):

Three hundred fifty-three women younger than 40 years of age undergoing 483 IVF cycles.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Delivery rates.

RESULT(S):

An inverse relationship was observed between the likelihood of successful pregnancy and both cycle day 3 and cycle day 10 FSH levels. In women with a normal day 3 FSH level, elevated day 10 FSH levels predicted similarly poor IVF outcomes as for women with an abnormal day 3 FSH level. There was no specific threshold FSH level beyond which pregnancies failed to occur. Successful pregnancies were achieved with aggressive stimulation even in women with FSH levels greater than 20 mIU/mL.

CONCLUSION(S):

The clomiphene citrate challenge test (CCCT) correlates with IVF outcomes in women younger than 40 years of age. Stimulated day 10 FSH levels are strongly predictive of decreased IVF success even when day 3 FSH levels are normal. Results of the CCCT are useful for patient counseling before the IVF cycle and for choosing the optimal gonadotropin regimen.

PMID:
12849811
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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