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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Jul 2;42(1):64-70.

Incremental value of combined perfusion and function over perfusion alone by gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging for detection of severe three-vessel coronary artery disease.

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1
Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health Systems, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0158, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We hypothesized that combining functional assessment to perfusion enhances the ability of electrocardiographic gating Tc-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (gated SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) to detect defects in multiple vascular territories in patients with severe three-vessel coronary artery disease (3VD).

BACKGROUND:

In patients with 3VD, perfusion defects in multiple vascular territories may not always be evident due to globally reduced perfusion.

METHODS:

Gated SPECT MPIs were interpreted sequentially with perfusion first, followed by combined perfusion/function, in 143 patients with angiographic 3VD and a control group of 112 non-3VD patients. All patients underwent coronary arteriography within one month of MPI.

RESULTS:

In 3VD patients, combined perfusion/function analysis yielded significantly greater numbers of abnormal segments/patient (6.2 +/- 4.7 vs. 4.1 +/- 2.8, p < 0.001) and more defects in multiple vascular territories (60% vs. 46%, p < 0.05) than perfusion alone. In the control group, there were no differences between the combined perfusion/function and perfusion alone interpretations. Multivariate analysis of 15 different clinical, stress, and scintigraphic variables in all patients revealed age (p < 0.0001) and number of abnormal vascular territories by combined perfusion/function (p < 0.0001) to be the most powerful predictors of 3VD. Addition of functional data to clinical, stress, and perfusion yielded a significant increase in the predictive value of 3VD (global chi-square: 131.7 vs. 89.8, p < 0.00001). Specificity of combined perfusion/function analysis was not lower than perfusion alone (72% vs. 69%, p = NS). CONCLUSIONS; Adjunctive assessment of function with perfusion by gated SPECT MPI enhances the detection of defects in multiple vascular territories in patients with severe 3VD, without adversely affecting its specificity.

PMID:
12849661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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