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Autoimmun Rev. 2002 Aug;1(4):190-7.

About CD4pos CD25pos regulatory cells.

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La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, 10335 Science Center Drive, San Diego, CA 92122, USA.


Autoreactive cells that escape from thymic negative selection are either anergized or counter-regulated in the peripheral lymphoid organs by regulatory T (Treg) cells. Most investigated Treg cells are CD4pos cells expressing the alpha chain of the IL-2 receptor (CD25). Absence of this particular population leads to the development of a wide range of autoimmune disorders, suggesting a critical role for CD4pos CD25pos cells in the maintenance of normal immune homeostasis. Numerous studies have aimed at unraveling the mechanisms of regulation, focusing mainly on naturally occurring Treg cells (generated in naive animals) and regulation of CD4pos autoreactive cells. In contrast, generation following antigenic priming of CD4pos CD25pos Treg cells with non-self (viral) antigen specificity and regulation of virus-activated CD4pos and CD8pos cells remain to be investigated. In this review, we describe the data collected over the past few years of intense focus on CD4pos CD25pos Treg cells and present our approach to investigate the generation of antigen-specific Treg cells during the course of an anti-viral immune response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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