Send to

Choose Destination
Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2003 Jun;17(2):227-41.

Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: transmission and risk factors, incidence, and costs.

Author information

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Molecular and Clinical Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA.


Uropathogenic E. coli have special features that allow them to take advantage of the bladder environment. There UPEC can grow to substantial numbers in pure culture that are shed frequently into the environment and have a high probability of transmission to other hosts. A better understanding of the transmission system and the host and bacterial factors influencing transmission is essential for the identification of effective prevention strategies. Although the risk of severe morbidity among otherwise healthy populations is low, the incidence is high. Further, the potential impact of antibiotic treatment on the emergence of increasingly antibiotic-resistant UPEC (the resistant mechanisms that may be transmitted to other bowel inhabitants) is high. The benefits of successfully preventing UTI are substantial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center