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Psychol Bull. 2003 Jul;129(4):545-68.

Biased predecision processing.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089-1061, USA. aaronb@usc.edu

Abstract

Decision makers conduct biased predecision processing when they restructure their mental representation of the decision environment to favor one alternative before making their choice. The question of whether biased predecision processing occurs has been controversial since L. Festinger (1957) maintained that it does not occur. The author reviews relevant research in sections on theories of cognitive dissonance, decision conflict, choice certainty, action control, action phases, dominance structuring, differentiation and consolidation, constructive processing, motivated reasoning, and groupthink. Some studies did not find evidence of biased predecision processing, but many did. In the Discussion section, the moderators are summarized and used to assess the theories.

PMID:
12848220
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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