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J Perinatol. 2003 Jul-Aug;23(5):392-5.

Prediction of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) in VVLBW infants.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Long-term growth failure in very very low birth weight (VVLBW) infants is a common complication of extreme prematurity. Critical illnesses create challenges to adequate nutriture.

PURPOSE:

To identify predictors of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) in VVLBW infants and to evaluate their nutritional intake and subsequent growth.

STUDY DESIGN:

A 4-year retrospective chart review of 221 infants <or=1000 g birth weight and <or=29 weeks gestational age who were admitted within 24 hours of birth, were free of major congenital anomalies and survived at least 7 days. Daily intakes and anthropomorphic data were collected and analyzed. Significant events during hospitalization were documented.

RESULTS:

Mean energy and protein intakes during hospitalization did not reach recommendations of 120 kcal/kg/d and 3.0 g/kg/day. In utero growth rates could not be consistently reached or sustained. As expected, BW (as measured by BW percentile score) was highly predictive of EUGR (p<0.001). When the independent effect of other predictors of EUGR was considered, only days of total parenteral nutrition (p<0.001) and HC percentile at return to birth weight (p<0.001) made a significant contribution to the prediction of EUGR, once the effect of BW was taken into account.

PMID:
12847535
DOI:
10.1038/sj.jp.7210947
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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