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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Jul;112(1):134-40.

TNF-alpha contributes to the development of allergic rhinitis in mice.

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1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation involving T(H)2-type cytokine production, with pathologic eosinophil infiltration in the nasal mucosa. Although TNF-alpha is thought to be a pro-inflammatory cytokine, the relationship between TNF-alpha and allergic rhinitis has not been clarified.

OBJECTIVES:

The role of TNF-alpha in a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized allergic rhinitis was investigated by using mice deficient in the gene encoding TNF-alpha (TNF-alpha(-/-) mice).

METHODS:

Both wild-type (TNF-alpha(+/+)) and TNF-alpha(-/-) mice were sensitized with OVA by means of intraperitoneal injection. They were then challenged with intranasal OVA, and various allergic responses were assessed.

RESULTS:

The production of OVA-specific IgE in the serum (P <.05) and the frequency of sneezes (P <.05) and nasal rubs (P <.05) decreased significantly in TNF-alpha(-/-) mice after OVA sensitization compared with that in TNF-alpha(+/+) mice (P <.05). The mRNA expression of IL-4, IL-10, and eotaxin in nasal mucosa in TNF-alpha(-/-) mice was also significantly suppressed compared with that in TNF-alpha(+/+) mice after OVA sensitization (P <.05). Furthermore, the expression of both endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 mRNA in the nasal mucosa was significantly suppressed (P <.05), although intercellular adhesion molecule 1 mRNA expression did not decrease significantly in TNF-alpha(-/-) mice compared with that in TNF-alpha(+/+) mice after OVA sensitization. In addition, the effect of TNF-alpha on endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 expression by means of Western blot analysis was compatible with the mRNA results. Pathologically, eosinophil infiltration in nasal mucosa was significantly restricted in TNF-alpha(-/-) mice compared with in TNF-alpha(+/+) mice after OVA sensitization (P <.05).

CONCLUSION:

TNF-alpha is necessary for antigen-specific IgE production and for the induction of T(H)2-type cytokines and chemokines. Furthermore, TNF-alpha might be important for the expression of adhesion molecules to recruit eosinophils to the allergic inflammatory site. We conclude that the lack of TNF-alpha inhibited the development of allergic rhinitis.

PMID:
12847490
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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