Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2003 Jul 15;171(2):717-25.

Role of the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase-Akt pathway in the regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.


Stimulation of the APC by Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS has been shown to result in the production of certain pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. However, the signaling pathways that regulate these processes are currently unknown. In the present study, the role of the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway in regulating P. gingivalis LPS-induced production of IL-10, IL-12 p40, and IL-12 p70 by human monocytes was investigated. P. gingivalis LPS selectively activates the PI3K-Akt pathway via Toll-like receptor 2, and inhibition of this pathway results in an abrogation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, whereas the activation of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 kinases were unaffected. Analysis of cytokine production following stimulation of monocytes with P. gingivalis LPS revealed that inhibition of the PI3K pathway differentially regulated IL-10 and IL-12 synthesis. IL-10 production was suppressed, whereas IL-12 levels were enhanced. Inhibition of P. gingivalis LPS-mediated activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway resulted in a pronounced augmentation of NF-kappaB p65 that was independent of IkappaB-alpha degradation. Furthermore, the ability of the PI3K-Akt pathway to modulate IL-10 and IL-12 production appears to be mediated by the selective suppression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activity, as the MEK1 inhibitor PD98059 closely mimicked the effects of wortmannin and LY294002 to differentially regulate IL-10 and IL-12 production by P. gingivalis LPS-stimulated monocytes. These studies provide new insight into how engagement of the PI3K-Akt pathway by P. gingivalis LPS affects the induction of key immunoregulatory cytokines that control both qualitative and quantitative aspects of innate and adaptive immunity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms


Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center