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Biochemistry. 2003 Jul 15;42(27):8307-12.

Domain-specific interactions of talin with the membrane-proximal region of the integrin beta3 subunit.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, UK.


Activation (affinity regulation) of integrin adhesion receptors controls cell migration and extracellular matrix assembly. Talin connects integrins with actin filaments and influences integrin affinity by binding to the integrins' short cytoplasmic beta-tail. The principal beta-tail binding site in talin is a FERM domain, comprised of three subdomains (F1, F2, and F3). Previous studies of integrin alphaIIbbeta3 have shown that both F2 and F3 bind the beta3 tail, but only F3, or the F2-F3 domain pair, induces activation. Here, talin-induced perturbations of beta3 NMR resonances were examined to explore integrin activation mechanisms. F3 and F2-F3, but not F2, distinctly perturbed the membrane-proximal region of the beta3 tail. All domains also perturbed more distal regions of the beta3 tail that appear to form the major interaction surface, since the beta3(Y747A) mutation suppressed those effects. These results suggest that perturbation of the beta3 tail membrane-proximal region is associated with talin-mediated integrin activation.

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