Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2003 Sep;123(7):345-8. Epub 2003 Jul 5.

Effects of extracorporeal shock waves on human articular chondrocytes and ovine bone marrow stromal cells in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. r.dorotka@utanet.at

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

We investigated the effects of extracorporeal shock waves on cytotoxicity and on the proliferation of human chondrocytes and ovine bone marrow stromal cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Isolated cells were cultured to confluence, and 500 shock waves were applied at energy flux densities of 0, 0.02, 0.06, and 0.17 mJ/mm(2 )for the cytotoxicity assay. The same energies at 100, 500, and 1000 impulses were used for the proliferation assay.

RESULTS:

Although bone marrow stromal cells revealed a dose- and impulse-dependent increase in the proliferation rate, no significant differences were found. Chondrocytes had less proliferative potential than untreated control groups. In the experimental set-up using 1000 impulses, proliferation was even higher in the control group. Both types of cells revealed a dose-dependent increase in cytotoxicity in the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay.

CONCLUSION:

As femoral head necrosis, osteochondritis dissecans, and similar disorders are increasingly treated with shock waves, their effect on human cartilage and chondrocytes deserves attention. We recommend further in vitro experiments with bone marrow stromal cells, as the latter might play an important role in the presumed multifactorial osteogenetic mechanism of shock waves due to their pluripotent character.

PMID:
12845449
DOI:
10.1007/s00402-003-0551-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center