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Diabetologia. 2003 Aug;46(8):1140-52. Epub 2003 Jul 5.

LR-90 a new advanced glycation endproduct inhibitor prevents progression of diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.

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Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA.



Advanced glycation and lipoxidation endproducts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. LR-90, a new advanced glycation endproduct inhibitor, was investigated for its effects on the development of renal disease in diabetic rats.


Diabetic animals were randomly allocated into groups receiving LR-90 or vehicle (untreated). Age- and weight-matched non-diabetic rats were studied concurrently. Body weight, plasma glucose, glycated haemoglobin, urinary albumin and creatine excretions were measured serially. Kidney histopathology, AGE accumulation in cells and tissues, protein oxidation, were also examined. In vitro assays were used to assess the possible mechanism of action of LR-90.


LR-90 inhibited the increase in albumin and creatinine concentrations, and concentrations of circulating AGE in diabetic rats without any effect on glycaemic control. LR-90 treated-rats also showed higher body weights than untreated diabetic rats. LR-90 prevented glomerulosclerosis, tubular degeneration and collagen deposition in the kidney. AGE-induced cross-linking and fluorescence of tail collagen were reduced by LR-90 treatment. LR-90 also decreased AGE accumulation in kidney glomeruli and nitrotyrosine deposition in the renal cortex. In vitro, LR-90 was capable of reacting with reactive carbonyl compounds and was a more potent metal chelator than pyridoxamine and aminoguanidine.


LR-90 reduces in vivo AGE accumulation, AGE-protein cross-linking and protein oxidation, and could be beneficial in preventing the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The AGE inhibitory and therapeutic effects of LR-90 could be attributed, at least in part, to its ability to react with reactive carbonyl species and/or potent metal chelating activity that inhibits glycoxidative-AGE formation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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