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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Nov;285(5):G829-39. Epub 2003 Jul 3.

Substrate specificities of rat oatp1 and ntcp: implications for hepatic organic anion uptake.

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Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, 625 Ullmann Bldg., Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave., Bronx, NY 10461, USA.


Transport of a series of 3H-radiolabeled C23, C24, and C27 bile acid derivatives was compared and contrasted in HeLa cell lines stably transfected with rat Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (ntcp) or organic anion transporting polypeptide 1 (oatp1) in which expression was under regulation of a zinc-inducible promoter. Similar uptake patterns were observed for both ntcp and oatp1, except that unconjugated hyodeoxycholate was a substrate of oatp1 but not ntcp. Conjugated bile acids were transported better than nonconjugated bile acids, and the configuration of the hydroxyl groups (alpha or beta) had little influence on uptake. Although cholic and 23 norcholic acids were transported by ntcp and oatp1, other unconjugated bile acids (chenodeoxycholic, ursodeoxycholic) were not. In contrast to ntcp, oatp1-mediated uptake of the trihydroxy bile acids taurocholate and glycocholate was four- to eightfold below that of the corresponding dihydroxy conjugates. Ntcp mediated high affinity, sodium-dependent transport of [35S]sulfobromophthalein with a Km similar to that of oatp1-mediated transport of [35S]sulfobromophthalein (Km = 3.7 vs. 3.3 muM, respectively). In addition, for both transporters, uptake of sulfobromophthalein and taurocholic acid showed mutual competitive inhibition. These results indicate that the substrate specificity of ntcp is considerably broader than previously suspected and caution the extrapolation of transport data obtained in vitro to physiological function in vivo.

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