Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Jul;35(7):1153-9.

Effect of F(I)O(2) on physiological responses and cycling performance at moderate altitude.

Author information

Athlete Performance Laboratory, United States Olympic Committee, Colorado Springs, CO 80909, USA.



To evaluate physiological responses and exercise performance during a "live high-train low via supplemental oxygen" (LH + TLO(2)) interval workout in trained endurance athletes.


Subjects (N = 19) were trained male cyclists who were permanent residents of moderate altitude (1800-1900 m). Testing was conducted at 1860 m (P(B) 610-612 Torr, P(I)O(2) approximately 128 Torr). Subjects completed three randomized, single-blind trials in which they performed a standardized interval workout while inspiring a medical-grade gas with F(I)O(2) 0.21 (P(I)O(2) approximately 128 Torr), F(I)O(2) 0.26 (P(I)O(2) approximately 159 Torr), and F(I)O(2) 0.60 (P(I)O(2) approximately 366 Torr). The standardized interval workout consisted of 6 x 100 kJ performed on a dynamically calibrated cycle ergometer at a self-selected workload and pedaling cadence with a work:recovery ratio of 1:1.5.


Compared with the control trial (21% O(2)), average total time (min:s) for the 100-kJ work interval was 5% and 8% (P < 0.05) faster in the 26% O(2) and 60% O(2) trials, respectively. Consistent with the improvements in total time were increments in power output (W) equivalent to 5% (26% O(2) trial) and 9% (60% O(2) trial; P < 0.05). Whole-body [VO](2) (L.min-1) was higher by 7% and 14% (P < 0.05) in the 26% O(2) and 60% O(2) trials, respectively, and was highly correlated to the improvement in power output (r = 0.85, P < 0.05). Arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation (S(p)O(2)) was significantly higher by 5% (26% O(2)) and 8% (60% O(2)) in the supplemental oxygen trials.


We concluded that a typical LH + TLO(2) training session results in significant increases in arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation, [V02] and average power output contributing to a significant improvement in exercise performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center