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Tumour Biol. 1992;13(5-6):324-9.

Immunohistochemical detection of double-stranded-RNA-dependent protein kinase (p68) with a novel monoclonal antibody TJ4C4. A case report of an AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma treated with alpha-interferon.

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Department of Pathology, Northwestern University/VA Lakeside Medical Center, Chicago, Ill.


Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase (p68) has been shown to be induced by alpha-interferon (IFN-alpha) in mammalian cells. It binds to dsRNA, and is believed to be a factor in the control of both cellular and viral protein synthesis. This report describes the use of a new monoclonal antibody (MAb) TJ4C4, to monitor levels of p68 in a patient with AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma. Using a novel immunoperoxidase/iron staining method, we examined formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsies prior to, and 4 months after the initiation of IFN therapy. Immunostaining showed low levels (1+ staining) of p68 in the pretreatment tissue, whereas a marked increase (4+ staining) was noted during interferon treatment. This staining suggests an increased level of intracellular p68 expression. This patient has subsequently remained on IFN-alpha therapy and is alive with no evidence of Kaposi's sarcoma, 6 1/2 years after diagnosis. The use of MAb TJ4C4 will greatly facilitate the study of p68 kinase in clinical tissues, and may provide a way to monitor the effects of IFN therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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