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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Jul;4(7):566-77.

Phospholamban: a crucial regulator of cardiac contractility.

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Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Charles H. Best Institute, 112 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L6, Canada.


Heart failure is a major cause of death and disability. Impairments in blood circulation that accompany heart failure can be traced, in part, to alterations in the activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump that are induced by its interactions with phospholamban, a reversible inhibitor. If phospholamban becomes superinhibitory or chronically inhibitory, contractility is diminished, inducing dilated cardiomyopathy in mice and humans. In mice, phospholamban seems to encumber an otherwise healthy heart, but humans with a phospholamban-null genotype develop early-onset dilated cardiomyopathy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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