Send to

Choose Destination
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2003 Jul;32(2):195-203.

An outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus infection in a bone marrow transplant unit: effect on engraftment and outcome of pneumonia without specific antiviral treatment.

Author information

Department of Clinical Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.


Immunocompromised haematological patients are at high risk for severe, often fatal, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia. In the 2001 winter season, 16 of 195 (8.2%) adult haematological in-patients were diagnosed with RSV infection. Eight patients had undergone stem cell transplantation. The median age was 53 years (range 20-67). A total of 11 patients had nosocomial RSV infection while the rest (five) had community-acquired infection. All patients were febrile and had upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). Eight patients (50%) developed lower RTI. Two of the 16 patients (12.5%) died of respiratory failure, due to the RSV pneumonia, despite ICU admission and supportive ventilation. None of the studied patients received ribavirin therapy or specific RSV immunoglobulin. Two patients autografted for multiple myeloma (MM) showed delayed neutrophil and platelet engraftment despite receiving an adequate dose of stem cells. A third patient undergoing a CD34+ selected HLA-matched sibling mini-allograft for relapsed MM showed graft failure shortly after RSV infection. In our series, RSV infection was concurrent with an outbreak in the community. Unlike other published series, no specific antiviral treatment for RSV pneumonia was used and yet the overall outcome in our patients was favourable. Furthermore, RSV infection in the pre-engraftment period after autologous transplantation was associated with delayed engraftment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center