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Schizophr Res. 2003 Aug 1;62(3):231-6.

Serum S100B is increased during early treatment with antipsychotics and in deficit schizophrenia.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Queen-Elisabeth-Hospital, 10362 Berlin, Germany.


Previous studies reported controversial results concerning alterations of astrocytes in schizophrenia. Because S100B may be regarded as a marker for astrocytes, the objective of this study was to examine S100B serum concentrations in 30 patients with schizophrenia with a monoclonal two-site immunoluminometric assay that specifically detects S100B. An ANOVA revealed medication (p<0.005) and deficit vs. nondeficit syndrome (p<0.05) as factors that influenced S100B significantly. S100B was higher in schizophrenic patients treated with antipsychotic drugs for approximately 3 weeks (241.1+/-152.5 ng/l) in comparison with unmedicated patients (111.4+/-31.8 ng/l, p<0.005), and healthy age-matched controls (112.8+/-53.4 ng/l, p<0.001; Bonferroni corrected two-tailed Student's t-test). There was no difference of S100B between unmedicated patients and controls (p>0.05). Patients with deficit (250.6+/-154.9 ng/l) had higher S100B levels than patients with nondeficit schizophrenia (146.7+/-107.2 ng/l, p<0.05) or controls (p<0.005). S100B was positively correlated with the subscore 'thought disturbance' of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (p<0.05). In summary, increased serum levels of S100B may indicate alterations of astrocytes during early treatment with antipsychotics and in deficit schizophrenia. Whether S100B is elevated due to injured astrocytes and a disrupted blood-brain barrier, or by active secretion of S100B by astrocytes, has to be clarified by further studies.

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