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Development. 1992 Oct;116(2):369-75.

Requirement of c-kit for development of intestinal pacemaker system.

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1
Institute of Molecular Embryology and Genetics, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

A discovery that the protooncogene encoding the receptor tyrosine kinase, c-kit, is allelic with the Dominant white spotting (W) locus establishes that c-kit plays a functional role in the development of three cell lineages, melanocyte, germ cell, and hematopoietic cell which are defective in W mutant mice. Recent analyses of c-kit expression in various tissues of mouse, however, have demonstrated that c-kit is expressed in more diverse tissues which are phenotypically normal in W mutant mice. Thus, whether or not c-kit expressed outside the three known cell lineages plays a functional role is one of the important questions needing answering in order to fully elucidate the role of c-kit in the development of the mouse. Here, we report that some of the cells in smooth muscle layers of developing intestine express c-kit. Blockade of its function for a few days postnatally by an antagonistic anti-c-kit monoclonal antibody (mAb) results in a severe anomaly of gut movement, which in BALB/c mice produces a lethal paralytic ileus. Physiological analysis indicates that the mechanisms required for the autonomic pacing of contraction in an isolated gut segment are defective in the anti-c-kit mAb-treated mice, W/Wv mice and even W/+ mice. These findings suggest that c-kit plays a crucial role in the development of a component of the pacemaker system that is required for the generation of autonomic gut motility.

PMID:
1283735
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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