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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2003 Jul;82(1):57-62.

Sonohysterosalpingographic screening for infertile patients.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Infertility and Endoscopy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.



To compare the diagnostic accuracy of hysterosalpingography and sonohysterosalpingography in detecting tubal and uterine abnormalities.


In a prospective study for the evaluation of uterine and tubal pathologies, 186 patients with primary and secondary infertility rates (51.6% and 44%, respectively), as well as recurrent abortion rates (3.8%), underwent sonohysterosalpingography. The tubal pathologies, as well as intracavitary and/or structural uterine abnormalities, detected with this procedure were compared with preoperative hysterosalpingography and operative procedures.


With surgical findings as the gold standard, sonohysterosalpingography had a sensitivity of 78.2%, a specificity of 93.1%, a positive predictive value of 82.7%, and a negative predictive value of 91%. For total tubal and uterine pathologies, the findings for the same parameters using HSG were 76.3%, 81.8%, 90.9%, and 59.2%, respectively. Sonohysterosalpingography was more accurate than hysterosalpingography for detecting intrauterine adhesions and various forms of uterine anomalies.


Sonohysterosalpingography is a safe, easy, accurate, and promising procedure for the detection of female upper genital tract pathologies, especially because it can differentiate specific uterine anomalies.

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