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Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Jul;23(14):5031-42.

GATA-1-mediated proliferation arrest during erythroid maturation.

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  • 1Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Transcription factor GATA-1 is essential for erythroid and megakaryocytic maturation. GATA-1 mutations are associated with hematopoietic precursor proliferation and leukemogenesis, suggesting a role in cell cycle control. While numerous GATA-1 target genes specifying mature hematopoietic phenotypes have been identified, how GATA-1 regulates proliferation remains unknown. We used a complementation assay based on synchronous inducible rescue of GATA-1(-) erythroblasts to show that GATA-1 promotes both erythroid maturation and G(1) cell cycle arrest. Molecular studies combined with microarray transcriptome analysis revealed an extensive GATA-1-regulated program of cell cycle control in which numerous growth inhibitors were upregulated and mitogenic genes were repressed. GATA-1 inhibited expression of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 6 and cyclin D2 and induced the Cdk inhibitors p18(INK4C) and p27(Kip1) with associated inactivation of all G(1) Cdks. These effects were dependent on GATA-1-mediated repression of the c-myc (Myc) proto-oncogene. GATA-1 inhibited Myc expression within 3 h, and chromatin immunoprecipitation studies indicated that GATA-1 occupies the Myc promoter in vivo, suggesting a direct mechanism for gene repression. Surprisingly, enforced expression of Myc prevented GATA-1-induced cell cycle arrest but had minimal effects on erythroid maturation. Our results illustrate how GATA-1, a lineage-determining transcription factor, coordinates proliferation arrest with cellular maturation through distinct, interrelated genetic programs.

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