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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1992 Dec;83(12):1317-26.

Inhibition of cell attachment, invasion and metastasis of human carcinoma cells by anti-integrin beta 1 subunit antibody.

Author information

1
Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo.

Abstract

We investigated the expression of beta 1 integrins in human carcinoma cell lines, and the anti-metastatic and anti-invasive effects of a newly established anti-human beta 1 subunit monoclonal antibody designated NCC-INT-7. All the examined carcinoma cell lines expressed beta 1 integrins upon immunoblot analysis. NCC-INT-7 completely inhibited the adhesion of carcinoma cells to laminin, fibronectin, collagens and acetone-fixed tissues including lung, liver and brain. In an in vitro invasion model, NCC-INT-7 inhibited the invasion of human bladder carcinoma cell line T24 and human gastric carcinoma cell lines TMK-1, MKN-45 and MKN-74 through an artificially reconstructed basement membrane. In an in vivo nude mouse peritoneal dissemination model using MKN-45 and TMK-1, NCC-INT-7 significantly reduced the number of tumor nodules in the mesentery. In an in vivo nude mouse liver metastasis model using a serially transplantable human colonic carcinoma, COL-2-JCK, NCC-INT-7 significantly reduced the number of tumor nodules in liver. These results indicate that beta 1 integrins play an important role in the tissue attachment, migration, invasion and metastasis of human carcinoma cells, and that this new monoclonal antibody is useful for studies aimed at prevention of metastasis.

PMID:
1282908
PMCID:
PMC5918747
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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