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J Nat Prod. 2003 Jun;66(6):838-43.

New okadaic acid analogues from the marine sponge Merriamum oxeato and their effect on mitosis.

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Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1, Canada.


Inhibitors of the G2 DNA damage checkpoint can selectively sensitize cancer cells with impaired p53 tumor suppressor activity to killing by DNA-damaging drugs or ionizing radiation and have been proposed as a promising therapeutic strategy. An extract from the Northeastern Pacific marine sponge Merriamum oxeato showed G2 checkpoint inhibitory activity, and fractionation identified the known dinoflagellate toxin dinophysistoxin 1 (1) and the two novel analogues 27-O-acetylokadaic acid (2) and 27-O-acetyldinophysistoxin 1 (3) as the active compounds. The mixture of 1, 2, and 3 was extremely potent at inhibiting the G2 checkpoint (IC(50) = 1 ng/mL) and cellular protein Ser/Thr phosphatases (IC(50) = 1 ng/mL), and it radiosensitized MCF-7 breast cancer cells expressing mutated p53 at all concentrations tested. However, the mixture of 1, 2, and 3 was also very toxic to cells not exposed to DNA damage (IC(50) = 1 ng/mL), making these compounds poor candidates for therapeutic agents to augment the effectiveness of DNA-damaging therapies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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