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J Mass Spectrom. 2003 Jun;38(6):632-40.

Esterification of borate with NAD+ and NADH as studied by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and 11B NMR spectroscopy.

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Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


This paper describes for the first time the direct measurement of boric acid (B(OH)(3)) and borate (B(OH)(4) (-)) adduction to NAD(+) and NADH by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and (11)B NMR spectroscopy. The analysis demonstrates that borate binds to both cis-2,3-ribose diols on NAD(+) forming borate monoesters (1 : 1 addition), borate diesters (1 : 2 addition) and diborate esters (2 : 1 addition), whereas, only borate monoesters were formed with NADH. MS in the negative ion mode showed borate was bound to a cis-2,3-ribose diol and not to the hydroxyl groups on the phosphate backbone of NAD(+), and MS/MS showed that the 1 : 1 addition monoester contained borate bound to the adenosine ribose. Boron shifts of borate monoesters and diesters with NAD(+) were observed at 7.80 and 12.56 ppm at pH 7.0 to 9.0. The esterifications of borate with NAD(+) and NADH were pH dependent with maximum formation occurring under alkaline conditions with significant formation occurring at pH 7.0. Using ESI-MS, the limit of detection was 50 micro M for NAD(+) and boric acid (1 : 1) to detect NAD(+)-borate monoester at pH 7.0. These results suggest esterification of borate with nicotinamide nucleotides could be of biological significance.

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