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Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Jul 15;66(2):251-62.

Structural determinants for the activation mechanism of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor differ for phosphoinositide hydrolysis and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6046, USA.


While the mechanism whereby the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1) receptor) activates its classical effector phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) has largely been elucidated, there is little consensus on how this receptor activates a more recently identified effector, the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p42/44(MAPK)). Using transfected COS-1 cells, we investigated the activation of this signaling pathway at the receptor level itself. Previous mutational studies that relied on phosphoinositide turnover as an index of receptor activation have indicated that key residues in the second and seventh transmembrane domains participate in AT(1) receptor activation mechanisms. Thus, we introduced a variety of mutations-AT(1)[D74N], AT(1)[Y292F], AT(1)[N295S], and AT(1)[AT(2) TM7], which is composed of a chimeric substitution of the AT(1) seventh transmembrane domain with its AT(2) counterpart. These mutations that strongly diminished the receptor's ability to activate PLC-beta had little to no effect on its ability to activate p42/44(MAPK), which not only suggests that p42/44(MAPK) does not exclusively lie downstream of the G-protein G(q)/PLC-beta pathway but also indicates that more than one activation state may exist for the AT(1) receptor. The failure of a protein kinase C inhibitor to block AT(1) receptor activation of p42/44(MAPK) further corroborated evidence that the receptor's activation of p42/44(MAPK) is largely independent of the G(q)/PLC-beta/PKC pathway. Taken together, the experimental evidence strongly suggests that the mechanism whereby the AT(1) receptor activates p42/44(MAPK) is fundamentally different from that for PLC-beta, even at the level of the receptor itself.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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