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J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 5;278(36):34674-84. Epub 2003 Jun 24.

Identification of a negatively charged peptide motif within the catalytic domain of progelatinases that mediates binding to leukocyte beta 2 integrins.

Author information

1
Department of Biosciences, Division of Biochemistry, Viikinkaari 5, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

The alpha M beta 2 integrin of leukocytes can bind a variety of ligands. We screened phage display libraries to isolate peptides that bind to the alpha M I domain, the principal ligand binding site of the integrin. Only one peptide motif, (D/E)(D/E)(G/L)W, was obtained with this approach despite the known ligand binding promiscuity of the I domain. Interestingly, such negatively charged sequences are present in many known beta 2 integrin ligands and also in the catalytic domain of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). We show that purified beta 2 integrins bind to pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-9 gelatinases and that that the negatively charged sequence of the MMP catalytic domain is an active beta 2 integrin-binding site. Furthermore, a synthetic DDGW-containing phage display peptide inhibited the ability of beta 2 integrin to bind progelatinases but did not inhibit the binding of cell adhesion-mediating substrates such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1, fibrinogen, or an LLG-containing peptide. Immunoprecipitation and cell surface labeling demonstrated complexes of pro-MMP-9 with both the alpha M beta 2 and alpha L beta 2 integrins in leukocytes, and pro-MMP-9 colocalized with alpha M beta 2 in cell surface protrusions. The DDGW peptide and the gelatinase-specific inhibitor peptide CTTHWGFTLC blocked beta 2 integrin-dependent leukocyte migration in a transwell assay. These results suggest that leukocytes may move in a progelatinase-beta 2 integrin complex-dependent manner.

PMID:
12824186
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M302288200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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