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Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Jun;75(6):1942-7.

A pig model of chronic heart failure by intracoronary embolization with gelatin sponge.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We produced a large-animal model of left ventricular (LV) failure induced by transcatheter embolization of the left coronary artery using a gelatin sponge.

METHODS:

Fourteen male pigs underwent transcatheter embolization of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) using gelatin sponge to produce anteroapical myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography was performed 1 week after the coronary embolization. The animals were followed up with echocardiography and LV pressure-volume study for the subsequent 8 weeks, and the data were compared with those of the control group (n = 13).

RESULTS:

The procedure mortality was 2 of 14 (14%). Coronary angiography revealed the occluded LAD was recanalized with poor run-off. The LV end-diastolic dimension progressively increased (control versus myocardial infarction: 39 +/- 2 mm versus 49 +/- 4 mm, p < 0.001 at week 4; and 40 +/- 2 mm versus 57 +/- 6 mm, p < 0.001 at week 8). Fractional area change decreased over 8 weeks (77% +/- 10% versus 43% +/- 6%, p < 0.001 at week 4; and 77% +/- 10% versus 40% +/- 8%, p < 0.001 at week 8). End-systolic elastance progressively decreased over 8 weeks (3.04 +/- 0.73 mm Hg/mL versus 1.54 +/- 0.51 mm Hg/mL, p < 0.0001 at week 4; and 2.88 +/- 0.44 mm Hg/mL versus 1.05 +/- 0.21 mm Hg/mL, p < 0.001 at week 8). The plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide were significantly higher in the study group (543 +/- 131 pg/mL versus 1,321 +/- 364 pg/mL, p < 0.001 at week 4; and 610 +/- 152 pg/mL versus 1,523 +/- 232 pg/mL, p < 0.001 at week 8).

CONCLUSIONS:

This pig model of chronic heart failure is reliable, reproducible, and amenable to investigate other surgical procedures.

PMID:
12822640
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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