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Anticancer Res. 2003 Mar-Apr;23(2B):1517-24.

Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor activates c-SRC and modifies transformation and motility of colon cancer in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Interdisciplinary Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida, 12902 Magnolia Drive, Tampa, FL 33612-9497, USA.

Abstract

Colorectal carcinomas have been found to express increased levels of IGF1 and IGF1-R, as compared to normal or adenomatous colonic mucosa, and it has been postulated that a subset of colorectal cancers are under the autocrine regulation of the IGF1/IGF1-R system. In this study, we selected human colorectal carcinoma cell lines with high (SW620, HT29, L4A) and low (CaCo2, and HCT 116) expression of IGF1-R by flow cytometry. Compared to the IGF1-R(-) cells, the IGF1-R(+) cells revealed a more aggressive phenotype as demonstrated by a higher proliferation rate (approximately 2-fold increase) in response to IGF1, higher degree of transformation (approximately 5-to-15-fold increase in colony formation in soft agar), increased resistance to serum deprivation-induced apoptosis [1-7 apoptotic cells/5 microscopic fields, as compared to 37 to 101 apoptotic cells/5 microscopic fields of the IGF1-R(-) cells], and higher migratory capability measured by a wounding assay [IGF1-R(+) cells migrated a distance of up to 15 millimeters from the cut edge of the monolayer, while the IGF1-R(-) cells were able to migrate only 2-3 millimeters away from the same reference point]. While the cell lines overexpressing the IGF1-R had higher levels of Src activation, the use of a Src inhibitor reduced the IGF1-R protein expression, slowed down the proliferation of IGF1-R(+) cells, and reduced their colony formation in soft agar. Based on the above observations, we conclude that an overexpressed and activated IGF1-R may increase the degree of transformation and motility of colon cancer cells by activating c-Src.

PMID:
12820418
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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