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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2003 Jul;35(7):749-59.

Effects of CCCP-induced mitochondrial uncoupling and cyclosporin A on cell volume, cell injury and preconditioning protection of isolated rabbit cardiomyocytes.

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1
Department of Pathology, Veterans Administration Hospital and East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 36604, USA.

Abstract

Cell swelling may contribute to acute cell injury subsequent to ischemia/reperfusion. The potential role of mitochondrial uncoupling and the resultant mitochondrial swelling, due to opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), were examined in an in vitro ischemically pelleted isolated rabbit cardiomyocyte model using the protonophore, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) to uncouple mitochondria. Cyclosporin A (CsA) was employed to inhibit MPTP opening. Cell volume was determined by a cell-flotation, density-gradient assay, using bromododecane. Cell viability, subsequent to an osmotic stress, was determined by trypan blue permeability. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) facilitated volume regulation following an osmotic stress. Ischemic-cell swelling was reduced by IPC. IPC protected ischemically pelleted cells, but CsA had no significant effects on injury or IPC protection. CCCP ischemia accelerated rates of ischemic contracture and injury, and abolished IPC protection. IPC protection was restored by CsA. In CCCP-ischemic-uncoupled cells, subjected to a reduced (170 mOsm) osmotic stress, CsA and IPC afforded independent and additive protection. Chelerythrine and 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) blocked IPC, but did not reduce CsA protection. Electron microscopy confirmed that CCCP ischemia induced mitochondrial matrix swelling that was reduced by CsA. Cardioprotection by IPC and CsA was accompanied by proportional reductions in cell swelling. Morphometric analysis of the electron photomicrographs demonstrated that the mitochondrial volume fractions were significantly reduced in the CsA/CCCP (29.8 +/- 2.3%, P < 0.004) and IPC/CsA/CCCP (31.5 +/- 1.7%, P < 0.0008) groups as compared to the CCCP-ischemic group (40.5 +/- 1.7%) The IPC/CCCP group (39.5 +/- 4.2%) was not significantly different from the CCCP-ischemic group. NIM 811, a CsA analogue MPTP blocker with no calcineurin inhibitory activity, afforded protection similar to CsA. The results suggest that CsA protection may, in part, be mediated by reduction of mitochondrial swelling.

PMID:
12818565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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