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Immunity. 2003 Jun;18(6):739-49.

Anti-inflammatory role for intracellular dimeric immunoglobulin a by neutralization of lipopolysaccharide in epithelial cells.

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Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue du Dr. Roux, 75015, Paris, France.


Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) play a central role in innate and acquired mucosal immunity. They ensure early signaling to trigger an inflammatory response against pathogens. Moreover, IEC mediate transcytosis of dimeric IgA (dIgA), through the polymeric-immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), to provide secretory IgA, the major protective Ig in mucosal secretions. Using an in vitro model of polarized IEC, we describe an additional anti-inflammatory mechanism of dIgA-mediated protection against intracellular bacterial components involved in the proinflammatory activation of IEC. Specific dIgA colocalizes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the apical recycling endosome compartment, preventing LPS-induced NF-kappaB translocation and subsequent proinflammatory response. Thus, intracellular neutralization by dIgA limits the acute local inflammation induced by proinflammatory pathogen-associated molecular patterns such as LPS.

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