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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2003 Oct;285(4):C873-80. Epub 2003 Jun 18.

Cu2+-induced modification of the kinetics of A beta(1-42) channels.

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Membrane Transport Group, Department of Chemistry, The Faculties, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia.


We found that the amyloid beta peptide A beta(1-42) is capable of interacting with membrane and forming heterogeneous ion channels in the absence of any added Cu2+ or biological redox agents that have been reported to mediate A beta(1-42) toxicity. The A beta(1-42)-formed cation channel was inhibited by Cu2+ in cis solution ([Cu2+]cis) in a voltage- and concentration-dependent manner between 0 and 250 microM. The [Cu2+]cis-induced channel inhibition is fully reversible at low concentrations between 50 and 100 microM [Cu2+]cis and partially reversible at 250 microM [Cu2+]cis. The inhibitory effects of [Cu2+]cis between 50 and 250 microM on the channel could not be reversed with addition of Cu2+-chelating agent clioquinol (CQ) at concentrations between 64 and 384 microM applied to the cis chamber. The effects of 200-250 microM [Cu2+]cis on the burst and intraburst kinetic parameters were not fully reversible with either wash or 128 microM [CQ]cis. The kinetic analysis of the data indicate that Cu2+-induced inhibition was mediated via both desensitization and an open channel block mechanism and that Cu2+ binds to the histidine residues located at the mouth of the channel. It is proposed that the Cu2+-binding site of the A beta(1-42)-formed channels is modulated with Cu2+ in a similar way to those of channels formed with the prion protein fragment PrP(106-126), suggesting a possible common mechanism for Cu2+ modulation of A beta and PrP channel proteins linked to neurodegenerative diseases.

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