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Neurosci Lett. 2003 Jul 3;344(3):181-4.

Tracking of multiple sound sources defined by interaural time differences: brain potential evidence in humans.

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Department of Neurology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany.


Among other cues, interaural time differences (ITD) can be used to compute the location of a sound. To investigate whether ITD can be used for the preattentive detection of sounds coming from a different location than standard sounds (P=0.7, no ITD), left and right 'far' (900 micros ITD, 80 degrees excentricity) and 'near ' (300 micros ITD, 30 degrees ) deviant stimuli (each deviant P=0.075) were presented via headphones. While 15 young healthy subjects passively listened to these sequences, the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the event-related potential was obtained for the deviant sounds. MMN was reliable for all four deviants but larger for the far-lateralized sounds. Moreover, MMN was larger contralateral to the location of the deviant. This indicates a role of preattentive mechanisms in the spatial analysis of auditory scenes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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