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J Cell Physiol. 2003 Aug;196(2):334-45.

Mda-7/IL-24 induces apoptosis of diverse cancer cell lines through JAK/STAT-independent pathways.

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Department of Pathology, Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA.


Experimental evidence documents that the MDA-7/IL-24 protein (an IL-10 family cytokine) binds to IL-20 and IL-22 receptor complexes resulting in the activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathways. Recent published reports utilizing human blood derived primary lymphocytes have provided additional confirmatory evidence relating to the cytokine properties of this molecule. A notable attribute of mda-7/IL-24 is its cancer cell-specific apoptosis inducing capacity, which currently remains incompletely understood. Treatment with distinctive tyrosine kinase inhibitors (Genistein and AG18) or a JAK-selective inhibitor (AG490) did not prevent Ad.mda-7 induced apoptosis in diverse cell lines. In addition, there is no apparent correlation between patterns of expression of IL-20R1, IL-20R2, and IL-22R mRNA and susceptibility to Ad.mda-7 in different cell lines. Furthermore, Ad.mda-7 is able to induce killing in STAT/JAK deficient cells. In contrast, treatment with the p38(MAPK) selective inhibitor SB203580, partially inhibited apoptosis induced by Ad.mda-7 in different cell lines. These results demonstrate for the first time that signaling events leading to susceptibility to Ad.mda-7 induced apoptosis, might be tyrosine kinase independent and can thus be distinguished from its cytokine function related properties mediated by the IL-20/IL-22 receptor complexes that require JAK/STAT kinase activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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