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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jul 4;306(3):767-73.

Regulation of FcepsilonRI-mediated signaling by an adaptor protein STAP-2/BSK in rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells.

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Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-Ku Kita 12 Nishi 6, 060-0812, Sapporo, Japan.


Crosslinking of multivalent antigen bound IgE transduces FcepsilonRI mediated signaling cascades, which activate nonreceptor-type protein-tyrosine kinases and subsequent tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins, and these are critical elements for degranulation in mast cells. We cloned a novel adaptor molecule, signal transducing adaptor protein (STAP)-2 containing PH and SH2-like domains as a c-fms interacting protein. STAP-2 was identical to a recently cloned adaptor molecule, BKS, a substrate of BRK (breast tumor kinase) tyrosine kinase, although its function is still unknown. To examine a novel function of STAP-2/BSK, we expressed STAP-2/BSK or its mutants in rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells. Overexpression of STAP-2/BSK resulted in a suppression of FcepsilonRI-mediated calcium mobilization and degranulation. FcepsilonRI-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) but not Syk was significantly suppressed in these cells. Furthermore, STAP-2/BSK associated with PLC-gamma in vivo. These data indicate that STAP-2/BSK negatively controls the FcepsilonRI-mediated calcium mobilization and degranulation by direct modulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC-gamma.

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