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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1992;20(5):756-64.

Cardiovascular effects of omega-conopeptides in conscious rats: mechanisms of action.

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Neurex Corporation, Menlo Park, California 94025.


We examined the effects of omega-conopeptides, a novel class of neuronal voltage-gated calcium channel antagonists, on hemodynamic responses in rats. Intravenous (i.v.) injections of SNX-111 (omega-conopeptide MVIIA) dose-dependently decreased arterial blood pressure (BP) in conscious rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) SNX-111 injections (580 pmol) tended to increase BP and, after an initial decrease, to increase heart rate (HR). The dose-response curve for SNX-111 administered i.v. in conscious rats was biphasic. Beginning at subdepressor doses, SNX-111 caused a long-lasting blockade of pressor responses elicited by sympathetic nerve stimulation in pithed animals but did not prevent increases in BP evoked by exogenously administered norepinephrine (NE). Pretreatment of rats with histamine antagonists partially blocked the hypotensive effects of the higher (870 and 2,900 nmol/kg) doses of SNX-111. Substitution of alanine for arginine at position 10 ([Ala10]-MVIIA) markedly attenuated the histamine-mediated component of the vasodepressor response. Together, these findings indicate that SNX-111 administered i.v. decreases systemic BP by a combination of blockade of sympathetic neurotransmission and mast cell degranulation; the latter function appears to be dependent on the arginine residue in position 10 of the amino acid sequence of SNX-111.

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