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Exp Anim. 2003 Apr;52(2):93-7.

Canine X-linked muscular dystrophy in Japan (CXMDJ).

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Chugai Research Institute for Medical Science, Inc., 6598 Toyoda, Suwa, Nagano 392-0016, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to develop a strain of canine X-linked muscular dystrophy (CXMD), a model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, in Japan. A female beagle was artificially inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa derived from an affected golden retriever. Subsequently, two carrier female dogs (G1 carriers) and four normal male littermates were produced. Thereafter, the two G1 carriers were mated with beagle sires. As a result, each bitch whelped three times, and out of 54 pups, 17 affected male descendants, and 11 carrier female descendants (G2 carriers) were detected. One G2 carrier was then mated with a beagle sire and 15 pups in two whelpings were produced, including five affected males and four carrier females (G3 carriers). A total of 10 female beagles were artificially inseminated to evaluate the fertility of the frozen-thawed spermatozoa from the two affected dogs. The whelping rates of the two affected dogs were 4/5 and the litter sizes were 5.0 +/- 1.41 and 6.0 +/- 0.82, respectively. These results indicate that a canine X-linked muscular dystrophy colony has been established in Japan. We called them CXMDJ.

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