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Eur Heart J. 2003 Jun;24(12):1134-42.

Impaired acute collateral recruitment as a possible mechanism for increased cardiac adverse events in patients with diabetes mellitus.

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Clinic for Internal Medicine III, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Germany.



The mortality of coronary artery disease is increased in diabetic patients. An impaired collateral function is considered a possible explanation. This study should assess the influence of diabetes on collaterals by direct invasive assessment of collateral function.


In 90 consecutive patients with a chronic coronary occlusion (TCO) of >2 weeks duration a recanalization was done. Thirty patients with diabetes (33%) were compared with 60 (67%) without diabetes. Blood flow velocity and pressure were measured distal to the occlusion by intracoronary Doppler and pressure wires before PTCA, and again after PTCA during a final balloon reocclusion to assess acute recruitment of collaterals. Resistance indexes for collaterals (R(Coll)) and peripheral microcirculation (R(P)) were calculated.


The R(Coll)(diabetics: 8.1+/-6.8 vs nondiabetics: 8.7+/-6.7 mmHg cm(-1)s(-1); p=0.68) and R(P)(5.6+/-4.2 vs 6.6+/-3.8 mmHg cm(-1)s(-1); p=0.30) were similar in diabetic and nondiabetic patients before recanalization. During balloon reocclusion both R(Coll)and R(P)increased. This increase was significantly more pronounced in diabetic than in nondiabetic patients in TCOs <3 months duration. In TCOs of longer duration (> or =3 months) these differences were no longer detectable between both patient groups.


Diabetic patients with TCOs have similarly developed collaterals as nondiabetic patients. However, in TCOs <3 months duration the acute recruitment of collaterals in case of reocclusion is impaired. This could explain some of the higher complication rate and mortality after coronary interventions in diabetic patients.

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